Prime Minister Tony Abbott and his Canadian counterpart Stephen Harper are in lockstep over carbon taxes.

Prime Minister Tony Abbott says any future global agreement on climate change won’t include carbon pricing.

Mr Abbott is the first Australian prime minister to visit Canada since John Howard in 2006, who arrived just months after Stephen Harper’s conservative government was elected.

The two prime ministers will meet on Monday, local time, when Mr Abbott will receive an official welcome with military honours in the Canadian capital Ottawa.

But speaking ahead of the meeting, Mr Abbott said the re-elected Mr Harper had succeeded in convincing Canadian voters at the last national poll of the perils of carbon pricing.

“Stephen Harper and I are like-minded on this,” Mr Abbott told reporters in Ottawa on Sunday.

“The argument is not about climate change – the argument is about the best means to respond to climate change and I believe that carbon taxes and emissions trading schemes are the wrong way to go.”

Mr Abbott said steps such as energy efficiency – which will be on the G20 agenda in Brisbane later this year – and tree-planting “increasingly are being taken right around the world including here in North America”.

US President Barack Obama, who Mr Abbott will meet later in the week, has announced a target of cutting emissions from power stations by 30 per cent by 2030 and wants a global deal on tackling climate change next year.

Mr Abbott said there were no signs that any future global agreement would involve carbon pricing.

“If anything, trading schemes are being discarded,” he said.

Mr Abbott also on Sunday met with business executives from Australia and Canada for discussions on investment in infrastructure.

Canada’s cashed-up pension funds have about $27 billion invested in Australia.

Many of the funds already have stakes in a number of Australian projects including Sydney’s desalination plant, the Barangaroo South office tower, the Port of Brisbane and Victoria’s Comprehensive Cancer Centre.

But Mr Abbott expects greater interest in the future as state assets are put up for sale, encouraged by a federal incentive payment.

The two leaders will also on Monday discuss the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations to create an Asia-Pacific free trade zone, which Australia believes can be finalised next year.

Mr Abbott will next head to New York where he is expected to meet with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and media baron Rupert Murdoch and hold further business and investment talks.

While in Ottawa the prime minister announced a deal to provide World War I artworks to the Canadian War Museum as a gesture to commemorate the centenary of the war which involved the two countries fighting side-by-side.